Spanish Prepositions

 

Spanish Prepositions For Beginners
  • a — to, at, by means of — Vamos a la ciudad. We are going to the city. Vengo a las tres. I am coming at 3. Viajamos a pie. We are traveling by foot.
  • antes de — before — Leo antes de dormirme. I read before going to sleep.
  • bajo — under — El perro está bajo la mesa. The dog is under the table.
  • cerca de — near — El perro está cerca de la mesa. The dog is near the table.
  • con — with — Voy con él. I am going with him.
  • contra — against — Estoy contra la huelga. I am against the strike.
  • de — of, from, indicating possession — El sombrero es hecho de papel. The hat is made of paper. Soy de Nueva York. I’m from New York. Prefiero el carro de Juan. I prefer John’s car (I prefer the car of John).
  • delante de — in front of — Mi carro está delante de la casa. My car is in front of the house.
  • dentro de — inside — El perro está dentro de la jaula. The dog is inside the cage.
  • desde — since, from — No comí desde ayer. I haven’t eaten since yesterday. Tiró el béisbol desde el carro. He threw the baseball from the car.
  • después de — after — Comemos después de la clase. We are eating after class.
  • detrás de — behind — El perro está detrás de la mesa. The dog is behind the table.
  • durante — during — Dormimos durante la clase. We slept during the class.
  • en — in, on — Ella está en Nueva York. She is in New York. El perro está en la mesa. The dog is on the table.
  • encima de — on top of — El gato está encima de la casa. The cat is on top of the house.
  • enfrente de — in front of — El perro está enfrente de la mesa. The dog is in front of the table.
  • entre — between, among — El perro está entre la mesa y el sofá. The dog is between the table and the sofa.
  • fuera de — outside of — El perro está fuera de la casa. The dog is outside of the house.
  • hacia — toward — Caminamos hacia la escuela. We are walking toward the school.
  • hasta — until — Duermo hasta las seis. I’m sleeping until 6.
  • para — for, in order to — El regalo es para usted. The gift is for you. Trabajo para ser rico. I work in order to be rich.
  • por — for, by — Damos gracias por la comida. We give thanks for the meal. Fue escrito por Juan. It was written by Juan.
  • según — according to — Según mi madre va a nevar. According to my mother it is going to snow.
  • sin — without — Voy sin él. I am going without him.
  • sobre — over, about — Se cayó sobre la silla. He fell over the chair. Es un programa sobre el presidente. It’s a program about the president.
  • tras — after, behind — Caminaban uno tras otro. They walked one after (behind) the other.
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