Latin American History April 8, 2014 Panama Canal

This is proving difficult to translate from sloppy handwritten notes.
· Roosevelt 1929
· The World & Latin America 1900-1939
· Biggest question/element in whole discussion is industrialization.
· Europe went from being a colonial economy to imperial economy after 1830.
· Brought on emphasis of looking for raw materials.
· Brought on emphasis of looking for Free Markets.
· Industrial powers of this time: Great Britain, France, Belgium, Germany, Japan, United States

· Producing a certain type of mindset

· Economic Liberalism: removal of barriers against their goods (Asia/Latin America), cheap, raw materials to feed raw materials.

· Imperialism: Ideological racialism primarily of Anglo-Saxon peoples. Anyone north of the Alpine/Nordics

· Social Darwinism: One point that was clear it was either the environment that made people inferior or it was racial.

· Sole purpose was to provide resources.

· Producers and providers of raw materials

· Conquest: British Empire everywhere

· Countries fighting each other for raw materials of which WWI would be the result.

· Americas: from manifest destiny perspective, to increase North America investment in America. Expansion of industrial north meant expanded need for raw materials. Look east, Look south.

· Concern demonstrated for US protecting investment in Latin America.

· Regime Change

· President Grover Cleveland (1837-1908)

· Cleveland did not push for establishment of overseas expansion.

· The Americas: Yet the major method in protecting U.S. investments was the direct and temporary military invasion.

· McKinley: Foreign policy changes

· McKinley assassinated

· Required raw material = greater robust need for raw material…

· Roosevelt President: Roosevelt’s spectacles will focus on Panama Canal.

· A time when British naval was at its most power, the only way US could compete with such a power would be to have one themselves.

· Gunboat Diplomacy

· 1830s-40: Evolution of Steam

· Canal- ability to get to far west without having to go around the tip of South America.

1. Look for raw material
2. Build up Naval Power
3. Protect Investment
· Panama: A canal connecting the oceans, and a canal controlled by the U.S., was imperatives.
· Mahan Thesis: Bi-coastal naval power; Roosevelt supported this.
· Panama was in rebellion against Colombia.
· Panama declares independence.
· U.S. & other powers recognize Panama’s independence.
· It is very clear there was a relationship between US & Panama’s independence.
· Treaty signed, gave all rights to US to build canal, invest capitally and collect revenue.
· Infuriates Panamanians
· To the threats US says don’t do that, we’ll turn you back over to Colombia.
· Subtext: Us could give it, Us could take it away.
· Treaty has principle of Intervention w/ it (like Platt).
· Treaty took away panama’s most valuable piece of real estate.
· Anyone born there was a US citizen, “Canal Zone”.
· Now that US has panama zone they must build canal.
· Panama parallels Cuba (terms of US support/intervention): Independence/support.
· Labor would come from British Caribbean.

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