Peoples World Cultures: Latin America- UNIT IV

Analysis Paper Research. 

Chapter 13: Brazil

  • Many settlers have moved into the region to develop its vast resources (110).
  • Brazil is a land rich in minerals, waterpower, and fertile farmland. IT has more farmland than Western Europe. Forests cover more than half its land (111). 
  • Brazil grows and sells more coffee than any other nation in the world (111.)
  • The rich red soil and mild climate of the southern highlands makes the region a perfect place to grow coffee beans (111).
  • Sugarcane is another important Brazilian crop (111).
  • Soybeans are another (111). 
  • Brazils Economy- Before the Great Depression of the 1930s, Brazil relied on the export of coffee and sugar to support its economy. During the Depression, demand for these products dropped. Like other Latin American nations, Brazil suffered (112).
  • Today, Brazil owes foreign banks vast amounts of money. Paying this money back is a huge burden on Brazil’s economy (112).
  • Brazil has the most diverse population of any country in South America (113). 
  • About one in three Brazilians can trace their rots to more than one ethnic group (113).
  • Rio has many beautiful homes. However it also have widespread poverty. Slums cover the hillsides around Rio. One-room shacks made of packing cases or odd pieces of sheet metal house the city’s poor (114).

Chapter 14: Northern and Western South America

  • The Economy- Venezuela is blessed with fertile soil and is rich in minerals. Venezuela’s greatest wealth comes from its oil deposits. These deposits are both underground and underwater (118).
  • Today Venezuela is one of the world’s leading oil producers. This makes it one of South America’s wealthiest countries. Much of the oil comes from the lowlands around Lake Maracaibo. Some of the oil lies deep under the lake. (118).
  • Of all the countries of South America, Venezuela has the longest-surviving democratic government (119).
  • Colombia produces about 90% of the worlds emeralds (120).
  • Coffee is Colombia’s major cash crop. (120).
  • Battling poverty is one of Colombia’s greatest challenges: “There is no real water supply. Women and children catch water in old oilcans from a hydrant at the base of the hill. Only a few homes have electricity. They got this by illegally tapping the power lines of the electric company. A few houses have gas-bottled stoves. Most residents cook over small wood fires” – social working in slums of Bogota (120).
  • In western South America are three nations with a strong Native America heritage: Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia (121). 
  • Farming is the major economic activity in all three countries (123).

Chapter 15: Argentine, Chile and Uruguay

  • A rain shadow area is a region that is blocked from rain clouds by a high mountain range. The western pampas are dry and not fertile. The eastern part of the pampas is one of the worlds most valuable farming and cattle-raining areas (125). 
  • In Argentina there is a saying that “the pampas are so kind that just tickling t with a hoe will cause it to laugh with a harvest.” (127)
  • The pampas make up about 9/10 of Argentina’s farmland and 3/4 its industry (127). 
  • More than 7/10 of Argentineans live on the pampas (127). 
  • Cattle raise on the pampas make Argentina one of the biggest meat-exporting countries in the world (127). 
  • There are also huge farms which produce wheat and corn for the world market (127). 
  • Also wool, animal hides, cereals, animal byproducts (128).
  • Chile has one of the fastest-growing economies in all of Latin America (128). 
  • Copper is Chile’s main source of wealth. Chile is world’s largest producer of copper (128). 
  • Chile is a supplier of Nitrates (129). 
  • Uruguay was the first Latin American country to pass laws protecting workers (129). 
  • It was also the first Latin American nation to create a social security system (129). 
  • Today Uruguay spends more money on education than it does on its military (129).
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