Peoples World Cultures: Latin America UNIT 1

Analysis Paper Research.

Chapter 1: Getting to know Latin America

  • Latin America consisted of all the lands in the western Hemisphere south of the United States except Antarctica. The region includes Mexico, Central America, South America, and the islands of the Caribbean. (2)
  • Brazil is larger than the continental United States. (2)
  • Regions of Latin America
  • Mexico– a country in North American that lies just to the south of the United States.
  • Central America- strip of land in North America between Mexico and South America. It connects North & South America.
  • South America– a large continent of 13 countries.
  • Islands of the Caribbean sea– an area of island nations that stretch more than 1,500 miles (all page 3)
  • Language official- spanish, Brazil- portuguese. Belize & Jamaica- English. In Haiti, French & Creole. Creole also refers to people born in in Latin America whose parents were born in Europe. (5)
  • A number of Latin American countries have become major industrial nations. An industrial nation contains many companies that manufacture products. (6)
  • why/what is “Latin”, Latin America received its name in 1800s. During that time, Europeans believed that the customs and culture of the region came mainly from Spain, France, and Portugal. These were the 1st European nations to send settlers to the region. The languages and customs of these European nations had begun in ancient Rome, where people spoke the latin language, hence, the land controlled by those countries was called Latin America. Name later applied to entire region.  —(check cambridge article, mentions something about this “Latin Naming” thing.) (6)
  • Native American, European, & African elements are all a part of the cultural heritage of Latin America. (7)
  • Many Latin American economies are based on exporting raw materials. (7)
  • To export means to send products out of a region for trade or sale. An economy suffers when prices for those raw materials drop. (7)

Chapter 2: Latin America’s Environment

  • Imagine a forest so big that it covers all the United States from the Atlantic Ocean to Montana and New Mexico. That is the size of the Amazon rain forest. (12)
  • Islands of the Caribbean: the largest island is Cuba, followed in sir by Hispaniola, Jamaica, and Puerto Rico. Haiti & the Dominican Republic are located on Hispaniola. (13)
  • Latin America is a rich land. Yet this natural wealth has not brought prosperity to all. Latin America’s natural resources remain in the hands of a few wealthy families or large corporations. These are minerals and power sources in the region. (16)
  • Farming the land: Much of Latin America has fertile soils, warm weather, and good rains. Thus, its farmers are able to grow many crops. Their fields produce crops such as coffee, chocolate, sugarcane, and bananas. Their trees produce handsome woods, rubber & medicines. Mexico, Brazil & Argentina have large cattle-raising industries. Latin American merchants export these products to the rest of the world. (17)
  • Check out/Photocopy Resources Chart. (18)

Chapter 3: The People

  • In recent years Latin America’s population has grown rapidly. In fact, Latin America has one of the fastest-growing populations of any region of the world. (19)
  • About 7.8 million people live ion the island of Haiti. Bolivia’s population about 8.1 million, is just a little more than Haiti’s. When you compare land size, however, Haiti is about 40 times smaller than Bolivia. (20)
  • Mestizos: People of mixed European & Native American ancestry. (23)
  • Mulattos: People of mixed European & African ancestry.(23)
  • ….their roots lie all over the world. (23)
  • Most people in Mexico, Honduras, Chile, Colombia, Venezuela & Paraguay are Mestizos. (23)
  • Smaller concentration- Mulatto- located: Haiti, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Cuba & small Caribbean islands. (23)
  • Creole is language mixture of French with African words & grammar, as well as a class of people, mentioned above.
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