- Compare the society and culture of Mexico of the first half of the 19th Century to that of the 2nd half of the 19th Century.
- First Half:
- Wars, Infasrtucture weakness, political disorder, Santa Anna, Conservative dominated, Caudillo Leadership
- Second Half: Cultural Changes, import/export improvent, infrastructure: liberals fundamental responsible for these things. Heoric leadership, doctors/dentistry, schools for women, increased investment, arts, theory of progress, emulation of other liberal regimes. Middle and upper class progressing- see lower class alienated, there is a whole mass of people underneath this middle class being excluded. ***He likes this question so watch out for it on the exam.
2. What was the effect of the Industrial Revolution on Latin America?
- Free Market
- Balanced Budget: Paid off debt
- Railroads (problematic) reducing cost of goods by how fast it gets there/foreign owned, foreign power.
- Increasing North American U.S. presence in this time.
- Large amount of North American investment.
- Nature: The Mines
- Expanding Education
- Pure liberal, tried to attract setting up schools for women
- Mexico wanted to be in international talk
3. “Santa Anna represented an old colonial type Mexico. Juarez represented a new reformed and Modern Mexican State.” Discuss. Contrast Antagonists.
- differences between the two: power vs. ideology
- Caudillo has no committed ideology, political realist, really concerned about power, building power. (Santa Anna)
- Mexico to be another Europe part of mainstream discourse. (Juarez)
- Ideologist, building ideology up, progressive (Juarez)
- In conservative vs. liberal bounds: Military Leader vs. Professional Politician
- Mexico gets same sort of industrial mindset regime as everybody else and this is where they take it.
4. Discuss the Revolution of Ayutla and how was it a liberal victory? What was the consequence of it?
- Wanted to get rid of Fueros (Ayutla)
- Wanted to get rid of a lot of church rights (Ayutla)
- Brought in French (consequence)
- Mexico’s biggest weakness is that it cannot resolve its polarize politics
- How was it a liberal victory? I don’t know, obviously I must have been dazed at this point.
- This is all I got.
5. Describe the Civil War of Reform and french role in it. What were Napoleon III’s larger ambitions? Was Maximillian a victim, pawn, or enemy of the state? What were the consequences of liberal victory in the war of reform?
- Taking advantage of U.S. preoccupation (?)
- all three? Had someone argue that in class and the last 10 minutes ended in debate.
- No further answers. Although arguably maxi was a pawn because his only power drew from the army napoleon gave him. Without the army, when the French withdrew it- Maxi was left as scapegoat, tried for tyranny, and killed.
- I have no idea what Napoleon III plans were, probably to take over the world.