Western worldview: Anthropocentric, Human centered, European Pioneer, Expansionist. Frontier Attitude. Conquer Mindset- it goes on- exploitation, the world is there’s for the taking, unrestricted economic growth, human superiority over nature- Just say whoever came up with this is a greedy arrogant dick and there is an entire hemisphere that thinks just like him. And I am a part of that, by birth alone. The definition is straightforward. The quiz questions aren’t. Deep Ecology Worldview: 1970’s- Naess, Devall, Sessions,-Based on harmony with nature, spiritual respect of life. Humans, and other species have equal worth. Requires shift in modern thinking: appreciating quality of life rather than high standard of living. Biocentric perspective, wholeistic approach, (infinite # of environmental worldviews?) No only 7.12 Billion of them.
Native American, Buddhist Views: Harmony, every living thing has value. Enviromental Justice: Every citizen has the right to adequate protection from environmental hazards. Low income communities, minorities are more likely to be in polluted areas, near landfills, toxic waste facilities, nuclear radiation, anything you can think of that is shitty and biologically deforming. Additionally, tends to have lower access to health care, rights of the poor and disenfranchised vs. the rights of the rich and famous.
Over all Plan for Sustainable Living: Lester Brown- 5. Design Sustainable Cities 4. Mitigate Climate Change 3. Provide Adequate food for all people 2. Protect & Restore Earth’s Resources 1. End Poverty; Stabilize the Humans.
Risk: Probability injury, disease, death. Environmental damage under certain circumstances. Inherent in our actions and our environment. In order to manage risks, we need to have a sense of their causes, likelihoods, and effects. Risk Management- the process of identifying, assessing, & reducing risks. Qualitative & Quantitative method- Estimates the probability that an event will occur, so we can determine behavior/actions. People accepting big risk: Average life expectancy is 8 years less for smoker. Get upset over small risk, shark attack. Risk we can control vs. risk we cannot diet vs. pesticide smoke vs. plane crash, exercise vs. nuclear waste.
Toxicants: Chemicals with adverse effects on health. All chemicals are toxic if exposure is high enough. Toxicology: Studies the effects, of toxicants on living organisms, mechanisms that cause toxicity, develops ways to prevent or minimize adverse effects, poison is in the dose. Epidemology: broader study looking at chemicals (toxicants) biological (disease) physical agents (accidents, radiation) health of human populations. Studies large groups of people and investigate range of causes and types of disease and injuries. Toxicity- acute- immediate short term, effects after a single exposure, dizziness, nausea, death (sniff spilled bleach) Chronic- prolonged effects, to long term exposure to toxicant. (rat poison.) Social Factor: Concentrated urban populations, global travel. Population Growth: Changes in land use (disease spread) Kids are disease vectors. Global. Super spreader.